The June 2022 Security Update Review

It’s once again Patch Tuesday, which means the latest security updates from Adobe and Microsoft have arrived. Take a break from your regularly scheduled activities and join us as we review the details of their latest security offerings.

Adobe Patches for June 2022

This month, Adobe released six patches addressing 46 CVEs in Adobe Illustrator, InDesign, InCopy, Bridge, Robohelp, and Animate. A total of 40 of these CVEs were reported by ZDI vulnerability researcher Mat Powell. The largest update belongs to Illustrator, which addresses 17 total CVEs. The most severe of these bugs could allow code execution if an affected system opens a specially crafted file. Many of these bugs fall into the Out-Of-Bounds (OOB) Write category. The update for Adobe Bridge fixes 12 bugs, 11 of which are rated Critical. The patch for InCopy fixes eight Critical-rated bugs, all of which could lead to arbitrary code execution. Similarly, the InDesign patch fixes seven Critical-rated arbitrary code execution bugs. For both InDesign and InCopy, the bugs are a mix of OOB Read, OOB Write, heap overflow, and Use-After-Free (UAF) vulnerabilities. The lone bug fixed by the Animate patch is also a Critical-rated OOB Write that could lead to arbitrary code execution. Finally, the Robohelp patch fixes a Moderate-rated privilege escalation bug caused by improper authorization.

None of the bugs fixed by Adobe this month are listed as publicly known or under active attack at the time of release. Adobe categorizes these updates as priority 3.

Microsoft Patches for June 2022

For June, Microsoft released 55 new patches addressing CVEs in Microsoft Windows and Windows Components; .NET and Visual Studio; Microsoft Office and Office Components; Microsoft Edge (Chromium-based); Windows Hyper-V Server; Windows App Store; Azure OMI, Real Time Operating System, and Service Fabric Container; SharePoint Server; Windows Defender; Windows Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP); and Windows Powershell. This is in addition to the 4 CVEs patched in Microsoft Edge (Chromium-based), and the new update for MSDT. That brings the total number of CVEs to 60.

Of the 55 new CVEs released today, three are rated Critical, 51 are rated Important, and one is rated Moderate in severity. None of the new bugs patched this month are listed as publicly known or under active attack at the time of release, however, we do have an update for MSDT, which is public and reported to be under active attack.

It's also interesting to note is what is not included in today’s release. This is the first month in recent memory without an update for the Print Spooler. We’ll see if that trend continues or if this reprieve is only temporary. Finally, there are no fixes listed for any of the bugs disclosed during Pwn2Own Vancouver.

Before we take a deeper dive into this month’s release, let’s take just a minute to remember Internet Explorer, which will go out of support tomorrow. The ubiquitous browser has served up websites to users since 1995, and while it’s doubtful anyone will miss it, it certainly had a good run. If you’re worried about your legacy apps still functioning, IE Mode in Microsoft Edge will be supported through at least 2029. With nostalgia out of the way, let’s take a closer look at some of the more interesting updates for this month, starting with the much anticipated fix for MSDT:

-       CVE-2022-30190 - Microsoft Windows Support Diagnostic Tool (MSDT) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Although it’s difficult to see from the Security Update Guide, Microsoft did release an update to address the much discuss “Follina” vulnerability in MSDT. This bug has been reported to be under active attack, so priority should be given to the testing and deployment of this update.

-       CVE-2022-30136 - Windows Network File System Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
This CVSS 9.8 bug looks eerily similar to CVE-2022-26937 – an NFS bug patched last month and one we blogged about last week. This vulnerability could allow a remote attacker to execute privileged code on affected systems running NFS. On the surface, the only difference between the patches is that this month’s update fixes a bug in NFSV4.1, whereas last month’s bug only affected versions NSFV2.0 and NSFV3.0. It’s not clear if this is a variant or a failed patch or a completely new issue. Regardless, enterprises running NFS should prioritize testing and deploying this fix.

 -       CVE-2022-30163 - Windows Hyper-V Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
This bug could allow a user on a Hyper-V guest to run their code on the underlying Hyper-V host OS. The update doesn’t list the privileges the attacker’s code would run at, but any guest-to-host escape should be taken seriously. Microsoft notes that attack complexity is high since an attacker would need to win a race condition. However, we have seen many reliable exploits demonstrated that involve race conditions, so take the appropriate step to test and deploy this update.

-       CVE-2022-30148 - Windows Desired State Configuration (DSC) Information Disclosure Vulnerability
Most info disclosure bugs simply leak unspecified memory contents, but this bug is different. An attacker could use this to recover plaintext passwords and usernames from log files. Since DSC is often used by SysAdmins to maintain machine configurations in an enterprise, there are likely some sought-after username/password combos that could be recovered. This would also be a great bug for an attacker to move laterally within a network. If you’re using DSC, make sure you don’t miss this update.

Here’s the full list of CVEs released by Microsoft for June 2022:

CVE Title Severity CVSS Public Exploited Type
CVE-2022-30163 Windows Hyper-V Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Critical 8.5 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30139 Windows Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Critical 7.5 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30136 Windows Network File System Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Critical 9.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30184 .NET and Visual Studio Information Disclosure Vulnerability Important 5.5 No No Info
CVE-2022-30167 AV1 Video Extension Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30193 AV1 Video Extension Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-29149 Azure Open Management Infrastructure (OMI) Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30180 Azure RTOS GUIX Studio Information Disclosure Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No Info
CVE-2022-30177 Azure RTOS GUIX Studio Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30178 Azure RTOS GUIX Studio Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30179 Azure RTOS GUIX Studio Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30137 Azure Service Fabric Container Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 6.7 No No EoP
CVE-2022-22018 HEVC Video Extensions Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-29111 HEVC Video Extensions Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-29119 HEVC Video Extensions Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30188 HEVC Video Extensions Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-21123 * Intel: CVE-2022-21123 Shared Buffer Data Read (SBDR) Important N/A No No Info
CVE-2022-21125 * Intel: CVE-2022-21125 Shared Buffers Data Sampling (SBDS) Important N/A No No Info
CVE-2022-21127 * Intel: CVE-2022-21127 Special Register Buffer Data Sampling Update (SRBDS Update) Important N/A No No Info
CVE-2022-21166 * Intel: CVE-2022-21166 Device Register Partial Write (DRPW) Important N/A No No Info
CVE-2022-30164 Kerberos AppContainer Security Feature Bypass Vulnerability Important 8.4 No No SFB
CVE-2022-30166 Local Security Authority Subsystem Service Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30173 Microsoft Excel Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30154 Microsoft File Server Shadow Copy Agent Service (RVSS) Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 5.3 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30159 Microsoft Office Information Disclosure Vulnerability Important 5.5 No No Info
CVE-2022-30171 Microsoft Office Information Disclosure Vulnerability Important 5.5 No No Info
CVE-2022-30172 Microsoft Office Information Disclosure Vulnerability Important 5.5 No No Info
CVE-2022-30174 Microsoft Office Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.4 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30168 Microsoft Photos App Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30157 Microsoft SharePoint Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 8.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30158 Microsoft SharePoint Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 8.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-29143 Microsoft SQL Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.5 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30160 Windows Advanced Local Procedure Call Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30151 Windows Ancillary Function Driver for WinSock Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 7 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30189 Windows Autopilot Device Management and Enrollment Client Spoofing Vulnerability Important 6.5 No No Spoofing
CVE-2022-30131 Windows Container Isolation FS Filter Driver Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30132 Windows Container Manager Service Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30150 Windows Defender Remote Credential Guard Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 7.5 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30148 Windows Desired State Configuration (DSC) Information Disclosure Vulnerability Important 5.5 No No Info
CVE-2022-30145 Windows Encrypting File System (EFS) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.5 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30142 Windows File History Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.1 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30147 Windows Installer Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30140 Windows iSCSI Discovery Service Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.1 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30165 Windows Kerberos Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 8.8 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30155 Windows Kernel Denial of Service Vulnerability Important 5.5 No No DoS
CVE-2022-30162 Windows Kernel Information Disclosure Vulnerability Important 5.5 No No Info
CVE-2022-30141 Windows Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 8.1 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30143 Windows Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.5 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30146 Windows Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.5 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30149 Windows Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 7.5 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30153 Windows Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 8.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30161 Windows Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Important 8.8 No No RCE
CVE-2022-30135 Windows Media Center Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Important 7.8 No No EoP
CVE-2022-30152 Windows Network Address Translation (NAT) Denial of Service Vulnerability Important 7.5 No No DoS
CVE-2022-32230 * Windows SMB Denial of Service Vulnerability Important N/A No No DoS
CVE-2022-22021 Microsoft Edge (Chromium-based) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Moderate 8.3 No No RCE

CVE-2022-2007 *

Chromium: Use after free in WebGPU High N/A No No RCE
CVE-2022-2008 * Chromium: Out of bounds memory access in WebGL High N/A No No RCE
CVE-2022-2010 * Chromium: Out of bounds read in compositing High N/A No No RCE
CVE-2022-2011 * Chromium: Use after free in ANGLE High N/A No No RC

* Indicates this CVE had previously been assigned by a 3rd-party and is now being incorporated into Microsoft products.

Looking at the rest of the release we that more than half of the patches this month deal with remote code execution. Seven of these deal with LDAP vulnerabilities, which is at least a decrease from the 10 LDAP patches last month. The most severe of these clocks in with a CVSS of 9.8 but would require the MaxReceiveBuffer LDAP policy to be set to a value higher than the default value. This doesn’t seem to be a common scenario. Still, the volume of bugs in LDAP over the last couple of months could indicate a broad attack surface in the component. Speaking of fertile attack surfaces, there are another six fixes for code execution bugs in the AV1 and HEVC media codecs. If you are connected to the Internet, you should automatically get updates from the Windows Store. However, if you are using these optional components in a disconnected environment, you’ll need to get these through either the Microsoft Store for Business or the Microsoft Store for Education. The same holds true for the patch addressing the RCE in the Photos App.

There are three RCE bugs receiving fixes in the Azure RTOS GUIX Studio, which provides developers a design for developing GUIs for IoT applications. What’s not clear is whether these apps will also need updates after installing these patches. There are a few RCE bugs in Office components, including a couple of interesting SharePoint bugs. Most of these require a user to open a specially crafted file. The SQL Server bug sounds pretty nasty but requires authentication. That should lessen the impact. Still, admins will need to carefully review the listed chart to determine which GDR and CU updates they require. This release includes patches impacting the iSCSI Discovery Service, Encrypting File System (EFS), and the File History component. All require some form of authentication, and the iSCSI and File History bugs require user interaction.

Moving on, there are 12 patches to address elevation of privilege (EoP) vulnerabilities. Most of these require an attacker to log on to a system and run specially crated code. There are, however, a couple of patches that stand out. The update for Azure Open Management Infrastructure (OMI) impacts multiple different Azure and SCOM components. Admins will need to touch most of these to ensure the bug is fully addressed, which will add to their workload. The patch for Azure Service Fabric doesn’t fix any bugs. Instead, it enforces the path to least privilege on Linux clusters. The bug in Kerberos affects servers with both Credential Security Service Provider (CredSSP) and Remote Credential Guard (RCG) installed. An attacker could elevate privileges and then spoof the Kerberos logon process when an RCG connection is made via CredSSP. Finally, the patch for the File Server Shadow Copy Agent Service (RVSS) only affects systems where the File Server VSS Agent Service is installed. However, on those systems, the patch alone isn’t enough. Admins must install the updates on Application and File Servers. Failure to do so could negatively impact backups and cause them to fail. See this KB article for more details.

The June release contains fixes for three Denial-of-Service (DoS) bugs. The DoS in the kernel could crash the OS, but it’s not clear how severe the bug in NAT could be. If it shut down NAT completely, it could devastate impacted enterprises. If you use NAT, treat this as a Critical update. Rapid7 also contributed a CVE in a Windows SMB that Microsoft had initially classified as a stability bug. This was silently fixed in the May 2022 updates and is being documented publicly here.

There’s a single security feature bypass being fixed this month in Kerberos AppContainer. If exploited, an attacker could bypass the Kerberos service ticketing feature that performs user access control checks. There’s also a single spoofing bug in this release for the Windows Autopilot Device Management component. There are a mountain of caveats to this bug, so if you’re using this management tool, read the bulletin carefully to determine if your systems are affected.

The release is rounded out by 11 information disclosure bugs. As previously mentioned, most of these only result in leaks consisting of unspecified memory contents. There are a couple of exceptions. The Office bug could expose device information such as resource IDs, SAS tokens, and user properties. The bug in .NET and Visual Studio could be used to intercept the API key intended for NuGet.org.

Finally, there are four info disclosure bugs addressing Intel Processor MMIO stale data vulnerabilities. An attacker could use these bugs to read privileged data across trust boundaries. Microsoft has also released Advisory ADV220002 detailing these bugs, and Intel has also released further details about this class of vulnerabilities.

Looking Ahead

The next Patch Tuesday falls on July 12, and we’ll return with details and patch analysis then. Until then, stay safe, happy patching, and may all your reboots be smooth and clean!

Article Link: Zero Day Initiative — The June 2022 Security Update Review